Freedom Of Press
The freedom of the press has its foundation on the rights of the public in a democracy to be involved on the issues which affect their country because entirely they are the ones affected. For these people to adequately influence these decisions they need to be adequately informed and knowledgeable about the everyday facts and arguments relating to the decisions made by the governments or the arms of government such as the judiciary or the legislative houses and other government functions.
The fact-finding and argumentation has to be gathered and reported back to the public without bias so that the public can analyze the decisions and form opinions if they decisions were reached with the their interests at heart or they were made with the favor of a few who wanted to take advantage of the citizens for personal gain.
This role of finding the material facts and arguments used to reach for a decision is the work of the public press. The press finds all this data and them reports to the general public through all means possible to ensure that majority of the public becomes aware of the state of affairs of the nation.
Some of the modes of conveying this data includes print media e.g. magazines, newspapers and press publications, social media, video and audio media e.g. TV and radios, conferences etc. This also results to the justification for investigative and campaign journalism. Therefore, the public press is the core pillar of democracy in a nation.
Roles of media in a society.
Media has a big task of relaying material facts and info to a nation thus making them to have an upper hand in molding the opinion of the society. This might result to a change of the point of view through which the public may perceive various decisions or events which affect them.
Freedom of press is the freedom of the public because they need to be informed of public matters and be allowed to formulate their own opinions. These could be criticism or advocacy for their participation in the decision making through electing representatives.
This means that a free non-biased and non-interfered press is the backbone for the functioning of a democracy because it enables the people to participate in the affairs of their state.
Is the media always right?
In some incidences, there may not be adequate rules designed to regulate the journalistic conduct and thus the media may overstep their mandate leading to encroachment of civil rights. This happens in situations whereby the media may prejudice the general public because of its influence on issues or ideologies the media assumes are good for the people while all this is in the contrary.
This can be illustrated in India through ‘trial by media’ situations whereby the media does separate investigations on some court cases, and forms opinions before even the jury reaches its verdict. The media would then go to give excessive coverage; sensitivity and publicity to their findings thus end up not only prejudicing the trial but hindering the administration of justice.
This is scandalous and may call for regulation of the media.